托業考試大綱詞匯

发布时间:2018-08-05 14:35:15 编辑:Admin 手机版

 以下是無憂考網整理的托業考試大綱詞匯,僅供參考。

  adjust—— To change so as to match or fit; cause to correspond修改=alter To adjust (a garment) for a better fit修改   adjoining—— Neighboring; contiguous接臨的=neighboring   adaptation—— Something, such as a device or mechanism, that is changed or changes so as to become suitable to a new or special application or situation改裝=modification   acute—— Extremely sharp or severe; intense強烈的=intense   Keenly perceptive or discerning; penetrating聰明的=sharp   accustomed—— Being in the habit of習慣的=used to   accumulate—— To gather or pile up; amass收集,堆集;積累=collect   accompany—— To be or go with as a companion陪伴=travel with   accompaniment—— Something, such as a situation, that accompanies something else; a concomitant伴隨狀況伴隨發生的事物=attendant An accompanying thing or circumstance; a concomitant伴隨物伴隨的事物或情況;伴隨物   accommodate—— To provide for; supply with提供住處;供應=lodge To provide with temporary quarters, especially for sleeping提供住處   acclaimed—— To be praised enthusiastically and often publicly; applauded喝彩地,贊賞地=praised   accelerate—— To cause to develop or progress more quickly使加快=increased   abundance—— Fullness to overflowing豐富=profusion The state of being profuse; abundance豐富   absurd—— Ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable荒誕的,荒唐的=preposterous Contrary to nature, reason, or common sense; absurd荒謬的   abandon—— To give up by leaving or ceasing to operate or inhabit, especially as a result of danger or other impending threat離棄=give up   awareness——shavingsknowledge or cognizance意識到的或認識到的=realization   available—— Present and ready for use; at hand; accessible可用的現實可用的;手邊的;可獲得的=accessible   attribute—— A quality or characteristic inherent in or ascribed to someone or something品質、屬性=characteristic, trait   attire—— Clothing or array; apparel服裝、盛裝;服飾=clothing   attach—— To fasten, secure, or join系,貼或連接=fasten, stick to   assortment—— A collection of various kinds; a variety多種多樣=variety   astonishing—— Filling with sudden wonder or amazement驚奇的,奇怪的=startling   astounding——To be astonishing and bewildering震驚極為驚訝和迷惑不解=surprising   assemble—— To bring or call togethersintosasgroupsor whole召集集合=gathering   ascend—— To slope upward爬坡傾斜而上=climb of   ascribe to——assume to be true   arduous—— Demanding great effort or labor; difficult困難的=difficult,   Testing severely the powers of endurance; strenuous艱苦的=strenuous Requiring great effort, energy, or exertion艱巨的   arid—— Lacking moisture, especiallyshavingsinsufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants幹旱的缺乏水分=dry   aptly—— Exactly suitable; appropriately合適的=appropriately   approach—— To come near or nearer, as in space or time接近靠近=near   appeal—— The power of attracting or of arousing interest吸引力=attraction   apart from—— With the exception of; besides除…外;除…外還=except for   anonymous——shavingsan unknown or unacknowledged name匿名的=unknown   annually—— Recurring, done, or performed every year; yearly每年的=yearly   annihilate—— To defeat decisively; vanquish戰勝=conquer To defeat or subdue by force, especially by force of arms征服   alloy—— To combine; mix融合;混合=blend, mix   altitude—— The height of a thing above a reference level, especially above sea level or above the earth's surface高度=elevation   affluent—— Generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich富裕的=wealthy   afflict—— To inflict grievous physical or mental suffering on折磨=problem   affect—— To have or show a liking for喜歡=fondness   aesthetically—— Artistically有藝術的,在藝術上的=artistically   adverse—— Acting or serving to oppose; antagonistic敵對的=oppose, ill   adversely—— harmfully or unfavorable有害的或不利的=negatively Marked by or exhibiting features, such as hostility, that cannot be deemed positive or constructive反面的   advocate—— One that argues for a cause; a supporter or defender支持者或保護者=proponent To speak, plead, or argue in favor of擁護演說=urge, preach   adorn—— To lend beauty to; decorate使美觀為…增添美;裝飾=decorate   adopt—— To take on or assume采取采用或接受=take on   brilliance—— The state or quality of being brilliant光輝=radiant   boundary—— Something that indicates a border or limit邊界=dividing line   breach—— A violation or infraction, as of a law, a legal obligation, or a promise破壞,違犯=violation   boost—— To increase; raise增加;拔高;To raise or lift by pushing up from behind or below推、舉=raise   blend—— To combine (varieties or grades) to obtain a mixture of a particular character, quality, or consistency把…摻在一起混合=combine, mix   bizarre—— Strikingly unconventional and far-fetched in style or appearance; odd古怪的=odd   bias—— A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment偏見=prejudice   beam—— A ray or shaft of light光柱,光束=ray   be characterized by——distinguish   barren—— Lacking vegetation, especially useful vegetation不毛的=infertile   balmy—— Mild and pleasant溫和的=mild   comprise—— To consist of; be composed of由…構成=consist of ,make up   conception—— Something conceived in the mind; a concept, plan, design, idea, or thought概念、計劃、設計或思想=notion A mental image or representation; an idea or conception心理形象或象征;想法或構思   composed of ——To create or produce (a literary or musical piece)創作或制作=create   component—— A constituent element, as of a system組成要素=element, part   comparable—— Similar or equivalent相似或相當=similar   compile—— To put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources匯編=put togethe   community—— Society as a whole; the public作為整體的社會;大眾。Asgroupsof plants and animals living and interacting with one another in a specific region under relatively similar environmental conditions共生動物群的一群植物和動物=settlement, society   commodity—— Something useful that can be turned to commercial or other advantage商品=goods   coincide—— To happen at the same time or during the same period同時發生=occur at the same time   cohesion—— The act, process, or condition of cohering結合=unity The combination or arrangement of partssintosa whole; unification統一   cluster—— To gather or growsintosbunches叢生=concentrate   classify—— To arrange or organize according to class or category分類=categorize   cling to —— v.依附,依靠,堅持=stick to   cite —— To mention or bring forward as support, illustration, or proof引證把…作為支持、說明或證明而提及或提出=mention   check ——monitor To check the quality or content of (an electronic audio or visual signal) by means of a receiver監聽,收聽;To check by means of an electronic receiver for significant content, such as military, political, or illegal activity竊聽   celestial—— Of or relating to the sky or the heavens天空的=astronomical   cease—— To put an end to; discontinue使…停止;中止=stop   capability—— The quality of being capable; ability能力=ability   cumbersome —— Troublesome or onerous麻煩的=burdensome   crisscross—— To move back and forth through or over交叉移動move back and forth   crawl—— To move slowly on the hands and knees or by dragging the body along the ground; creep爬行=creep   counterpart—— A copy or duplicate of a legal paper復制品=version An adaptation of a work of art or literaturesintosanother medium or style版本   counteract—— To oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary action; check抵制,抵消=negate   core —— The basic or most important part; the essence核心,本質=center   conventional—— Conforming to established practice or accepted standards; traditional傳統的=traditional   contribute to —— v.捐獻=donate To present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute捐贈   consumption——The act or process of consuming消耗=eating   constrain——To keep within close bounds; confine限制=bound To set a limit to; confine限制   constitute——To found (an institution, for example)創建=make up   constituent——Serving as part of a whole; component組成的=component   constantly——Continually occurring; persistently持續的=continuously   conspicuous——Attracting attention, as by being unusual or remarkable; noticeable值得註意的=noticeable   consort with ——v.陪伴=associate To keep company陪伴   conserve——To protect from loss or harm; preserve保存,保護=retain vt.留住;保住   consequence——Something that logically or naturally follows from an action or condition結果=result   conjecture——A statement, an opinion, or a conclusion based on guesswork猜想=based on guessing   congestion——To be overfilled or overcrowded堵塞=overcrowded, crowded   conflicting——To be opposing; different對立的,不同的=opposing, contrary   confront——To come face to face with, especially with defiance or hostility面對與…面對面的=face To confront with complete awareness面對   confine to ——To keep within bounds; restrict限制=limit, cramp Restrict; narrow受限制外語學習網   confederacy——A union of persons, parties, or states; a league聯盟=ally One that is allied with another, especially by treaty同盟者   conceal——To keep from being seen, found, observed, or discovered; hide隱藏=hide   dramatically——Arresting or forceful in appearance or effect引人註目的=striking   durable——Lasting; stable持久的;穩定的=lasting   domains——[計]域=fields考試用書   domestic——Tame or domesticated. Used of animals馴養的=tame   dominate——To enjoy a commanding, controlling position in占支配地位=be prevalent in   divergence——Difference, as of opinion意見分歧difference   diverse——Made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements多種多樣的=various   dogma——An authoritative principle, belief, or statement of ideas or opinion, especially one considered to be absolutely true信條=belief   distinction——The condition or fact of being dissimilar or distinct; difference差別=difference   distinct——Readily distinguishable from all others; discrete有區別的,不同的=different, separate, definite   dispute——To argue about; debate就…進行爭論=argument, disagreement   disseminate——To spread abroad; promulgate散布=spread, distribute   disposal——The act or process of getting rid of something除掉=get rid of   discrete——Constituting a separate thing; distinct分離的=separate Existing as an independent entity單獨的   discard——To throw away; reject丟棄,拋棄=get rid of   diffuse——To become widely dispersed; spread out散布=travel To be transmitted, as light or sound; move or pass傳送   differentiate——To constitute the distinction between區分=distinguish To perceive as being different or distinct區分   dictate——To prescribe with authority; impose命令;To issue orders or commands命令=determine To reach a decision; resolve解決,決定,=prescribe To set down as a rule or guide; enjoin指定,規定   devastate——To lay waste; destroy變成廢墟,荒蕪;破壞=ruin   device——A contrivance or an invention serving a particular purpose, especially a machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks機器=instrument A device for recording, measuring, or controlling, especially such a device functioning as part of a control system儀表   devoid of ——free of無……的,免於……的;擺脫了……的   destruction——The act of destroying毀滅=demolition The act or process of wrecking or destroying, especially destruction by explosives.摧毀破壞   detect——To discover or ascertain the existence, presence, or fact of查明;發現=discover, sense To become aware of; perceive感覺意識到   detectable——Can be discovered or ascertained the existence, presence, or fact可查明;可發現apparent, measurable,sizable   derive——To obtain or receive from a source得到=obtain,To issue from a source; originate起源於=stem from   depression——An area that is sunk below its surroundings; a hollow下陷處=low   depressed——Low in spirits; dejected情緒低落的;沮喪的=saddened   deposit——To put or set down; place放置=place, lay   deplete——To decrease the fullness of; use up or empty out消滅,用完或用光=exhaust, run out   dense——Hard to penetrate; thick濃厚的=thick, heavy   delicate——Marked by sensitivity of discrimination敏銳的=sensitive,Easily broken or damaged脆弱的=fragile   delicate——Considerate of the feelings of others體貼的=careful, intentionally   deft——Quick and skillful; adroit靈巧的=skilled

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